WEEE must be collected and managed in view of ensuring recycling of the different constituent materials. Management of WEEE can therefore only be carried out at environmentally approved treatment facilities – in other words treatment facilities must be approved under the Danish Environmental Protection Act and the Approval Order.
Overall, WEEE management is divided into two main streams:
Producer responsibility means that the producer must make sure that WEEE is picked up at the municipal collection sites and managed in accordance with current rules. Producers have mainly chosen to do so by entering agreements with so-called collective schemes. Collective schemes assume tasks in connection with tendering for hauliers and recycling industries (operators) who in a given period will be in charge of take-back logistics and treatment of WEEE on behalf of producers. DPA-System allocates collection sites every year to collective schemes and their operators. This allocation is based on geographical criteria.
Producer responsibility means that producers must establish systems for take-back and assume management of equipment covered by producer responsibility in accordance with current rules. Producers may do so by cooperating, for example, with an environmentally approved recycling company. Producers can also transfer responsibility to the purchaser. In this case the purchaser is in charge of correct management of equipment at the end of its useful life.
Reprocessing and recycling of WEEE consists of a large number of processes taking place in Denmark and abroad. In Denmark processes normally cover the first manual dismantling and subsequent shredding while actual recycling is undertaken at large plants abroad.