Waste batteries and accumulators must be collected and managed in an environmentally safe manner. Disposal by landfilling or incineration is not permitted. Management of waste batteries and accumulators can therefore only be carried out at environmentally approved treatment facilities – in other words treatment facilities must be approved under the Danish Environmental Protection Act and the Approval Order.
Overall, waste battery management is divided into two main streams:
Producer responsibility means that producers must ensure that waste batteries are picked up at the municipal collection sites and managed in accordance with current rules. Producers have mainly chosen to do so by entering agreements with so-called collective schemes. Collective schemes assume tasks in connection with tendering for hauliers and recycling industries (operators) who in a given period will be in charge of take-back logistics on behalf of producers. DPA-System allocates collection sites every year to collective schemes and their operators. This allocation is based on geographical criteria.
Producer responsibility means that producers themselves are responsible for organising take-back and management according to current rules for those of their products that are covered by the Battery Order. Producers may do so by cooperating, for example, with an environmentally approved recycling company.
Reprocessing and recycling of waste batteries and accumulators consists of a large number of processes taking place in Denmark and abroad.
In 2009 the environmentally approved recycling company of Stena Miljø is in charge of management of collected waste batteries and accumulators.